Olibanum, (luban), also known as Frankincense is tapped from the scraggy but hardy Boswellia Papyrifera tree by slashing the bark, which is called striping, and allowing the exuded resin to bleed out and harden.
These hardened resins are called tears with greenish to yellow color solid in the form of irregular nodules which on pressing form a slightly plastic mass.
Sudan and Ethiopia produce the most widely traded olibanum, and in 1987 this was reckoned to amount to some 2,000 tons. More recent estimates are not available although production is believed to have declined as a result of severe droughts in the region and some loss of demand
Most Indian olibanum is used domestically for making incense sticks. Volumes of exports have been erratic in recent years but averaged about 90 tons pa for the six years 1987/88-1992/93
Frankincense essential oils are obtained from the crude resins by steam distillation and are then normally used whole for flavoring and fragrance applications, also be used for relief from stings such as scorpion stings.
Manufactures of many products use and incorporate olibanum in their products:
This Sudanese standard is formulated by the technical committee No.4 formed according to the administrative decree of the SSM0/1/A/Idated 18/8/01. It applies to Olibanum. On formulating this standard the committee has referred to international publications and works of Sudanese researchers on the subject.
Nagawa: Particles size > 10 mm (free from bark)
Grade (1): Particles size 10 - 5 mm (free from bark)
Grade (2): Particles size 5 – 2.5 mm (free from bark)
Grade (3): Particles size < 2.5 mm (free from bark)
Grade (4): Particles different sizes sticked to tree bark
Particles size > 10 mm (free from bark)
Particles size 10 - 5 mm (free from bark)
Particles size 5 – 2.5 mm (free from bark)
Particles size < 2.5 mm (free from bark)
Particles different sizes sticked to tree bark
This natural herb is known and proved to be a body nourishing and nerve relaxer incorporated in many products intended for healthy living.
(*) Need to be confirmed form each country customs authorities.
With regard to organic agriculture, Sudan’s long history and its many generations pass compatible and integrated with the systems of organic agriculture, managed farms over the decades to reach normal rotations for the production of natural without chemicals in all areas of traditional agriculture
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