Gum arabic is harvested from two types of wild Acacia trees, one is Acacia Senegal tree and other is Acacia Seyal.
This resin is obtained through special tappings made on the trunk of the tree. The resinous liquid which comes out of the tappings to heal the cuts on the bark, thickens on contact with the air, forming a hard and glassy gum.
Gum arabic is edible and has E number E414.
Gum Arabic is harvested in the gum belt of Africa, this belt starts from Senegal at the west of Africa and ends at Sudan in the east, also known as African sahel.
From the 1950s to the early 1990s, Sudan accounted for roughly 80% of gum Arabic production, today, that figure is probably under 50%.
Sudan is still the world's largest single producer of Arabic Gum.
Gum arabic is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. Gum arabic is a key ingredient in traditional lithography and is used in printing, paint production, glue, cosmetics and various industrial applications, including viscosity control in inks and in textile industries, though less expensive materials compete with it for many of these roles.
Many manufacturers are using the Gum Arabic, actually you use it in many everyday items without you knowing, these are some of the users of the gum:
This Sudanese standard is formulated by the technical committee No.4 formed according to the administrative decree of the SSM0/1/A/Idated 18/8/01. It applies to gum talha from Acacia seyalvar. seyal. On formulating this standard the committee has referred to international publications and works of Sudanese researchers on the subject.
Our company offers the two types of gum Arabic mainly in raw form and a possibility to offer processed gum as mechanical powder and kibbled form upon customer’s special request.
We offer this type in one grade called the cleaned grade which is the standard grade varying from light to dark amber, comprises whole or broken lumps and it contains minimal amount of siftings (fine particles) but dust, bark and dirt is removed. *(please see SSMO specs sheet)
We sort this type into four grades:
A joint FAO/WHO committee of experts on food additives (JEFCA) indicated in its Compendium on food additives- Addendum 7 (1999) that no distinctions were made between Acacia Senegal and Acacia seyal.
Since, currently, both Acacia gums are almost equal in industrial relevance, a complete description of both Acacia gums becomes a key tool for a better understanding of gum quality determinants, leading a better selection, use, and control of gums for speciﬁc applications.
(*) Refer to the SSMO specification sheet for each for more details.
Mainly there are two types of gum Arabic :
Acacia Senegal : also known as Kordofan or Hashab which is considered commercially as grade one.
Acaia Seyal : also known as Talha and its considers commercially as second grade gum.
These two types of gum Arabic are found in four forms:
Acacia is known as a good source of dietary fiber because it contains about 90 percent soluble fiber. This type of fiber, which dissolves in water, is an important part of your diet. It helps the digestive system run smoothly and reduces the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have approved acacia as an additive in foods and drugs. This means it’s considered safe for manufactures to use in their products. Recently, the FDA also approved acacia as an ingredient in products such as breakfast cereals, snack bars, and baked goods. It’s also recognized as a source of dietary fiber and can be advertised as such.
(*) Need to be confirmed form each country customs authorities.
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